Neuronal glutamate and GABAA receptor function in health and disease

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Jitendra Sinha
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Neuronal glutamate and GABAA receptor function in health and disease

Neuronal glutamate and GABAA receptor function in health and disease
21—24 July 2009
University of St Andrews, UK

 

A Biochemical Society Focused Meeting

Proceedings (invited speakers) will be published in Biochemical Society Transactions

Oral communication slots are available at this meeting. All attendees, particularly researchers in the early stages of their career, are invited to submit a poster abstract for consideration as an oral communication.

Student Travel Grants are available for this meeting.

Abstract submission deadline: 21 May 2009
Abstract submission is now open.

Earlybird registration deadline: 19 June 2009
Registration is now open.

Meeting Background
This meeting will include a discussion of the major excitatory (glutamate) and inhibitory (GABAA) ionotropic receptors in the brain. This will bring together experts from both fields to permit a discussion of how these receptor systems interact to control behaviour, learning/memory and disease. It is clear that the modulation of receptor function (Sigel, Wyllie, Czajkowski) alone does not explain the full repertoire of effects of neuronal plasticity. Receptor function is also influenced by auxiliary protein interactions and its location (Smart, Moss, Collingridge, Harvey). Indeed, receptor localization is highly plastic, being manipulated by neuronal activity (Collingridge, Smart, Malenka, Smith) and hormones (Harvey, Smith). These molecular changes occurring at the subcellular level are reflected in changes in cognition and behaviour (Mohler, Bannerman, Orser, Smith). Remarkably, individual receptor subtypes appear to play specific roles in behaviour and the clinical responses to therapeutic drugs (Mohler, Orser). Moreover, gross alterations in the balance of neuronal activity may lead to cognitive impairment (Bannerman, Mohler, Malenka) and disease states such as epilepsy (Walker).

The use of cell model systems have permitted a physiological and molecular characterization of neuronal excitotoxicity. Distinct NMDA receptor subtypes play opposing roles in the activation of distinct calcium signalling pathways (Hardingham), leading to changes in neuronal morphology (Connolly) and mitochondrial dysfunction (Nicholls).

Beyond the immediate consequences of altered neuronal morphology and physiology are the long-term changes in gene expression, following normal (Grant, Morris) and pathological (Zukin) activity. Insights into the significance of these changes are highlighted by the altered expression of either the receptors themselves (Smith), or of molecular chaperone (Morris) or scaffold (Grant) proteins.

Note to Golf fans
The 138th British Open Golf Tournament will take place on 16 July-19 July 2009 in Turnberry, Scotland. The practice days will be on 12-15 July. For further information, please visit The British Open website