I found this great site (linked from the NCI) that gives a long list of known cancers and the genes misregulated in the conditions. Its called the Genetics Home reference (Cancer). Its really a fantastic website.
What follows is an example from one of the diseases (retinoblastoma.)
The website details symptoms, genetic origin, whether it is inherited, and treatment options.
Really a top notch website. Share it with your friends.
Home Reference for Cancer Genetics