Visual pigments in a living fossil, the Australian lungfish Neoceratodus fo

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Nils Holgerson
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Visual pigments in a living fossil, the Australian lungfish Neoceratodus fo

Visual pigments in a living fossil, the Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri

Background
One of the greatest challenges facing the early land vertebrates was the need to effectively interpret a terrestrial environment. Interpretation was based on ocular adaptations evolved for an aquatic environment millions of years earlier. The Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri is thought to be the closest living relative to the first terrestrial vertebrate, and yet nothing is known about the visual pigments present in lungfish or the early tetrapods.